There are many diseases in the world that are preventable. Basic awareness about these diseases and what you can do to prevent them can go a long way in disease control.
Diseases preventable through vaccination
With the advancement of modern medicines many 'disease preventing' vaccines are now available. Not all vaccines are available in all countries. Vaccine availability is based on the prevalence of that disease in that country. Some vaccines are meant only for certain age groups. A good example is the Polio vaccine that is only administered to a population that is below 5 years of age. This is because polio only affects very young children or very old people with low immunity.
Here is a list of other diseases that are preventable with vaccines.
Measles, Rubella, Mumps
The MMR vaccine is a combined vaccine to protect against these 3 viruses. First dose of the vaccine is given at age 12-15 months, and the second dose between ages 4-6 years. Adults who have not been immunized should get atleast one dose of the vaccine.
This disease, caused by the varicella virus can be prevented with a vaccine that is combined with the MMR vaccine, called the MMVR vaccine. It is licensed to be used only for children who are 1 year to 12 years of age.
This disease is caused by a bacterium, that usually affects the lungs. However other parts of the body can get infected too.
Other diseases caused by bacteria for which vaccines are available are,Diphtheria, Tetanus, etc.
Among other viral diseases that are preventable by vaccine is Rabies.
Mosquito borne diseases that can be prevented
Malaria and Dengue fever can be prevented with the use of insect repellent, insecticide treated bed nets. Vaccine of Malaria is still in the process of being developed. The WHO recommends a vaccine for Dengue that is developed by a drug company called Sanofi. This vaccine is only effective for the ages between 9 and 45 years.
Diseases that are preventable by changing one’s lifestyle
Many people can be saved from diseases such as heart disease, lung cancer and Type 2 diabetes. In many cases it is caused largely by bad lifestyle, though not always.
This disease kills about 8.6 million people worldwide according to the Heart Foundation.Besides consulting a good heart specialist and taking some basic medication, in many cases, making simple lifestyle changes can prevent this disease. A healthy, balanced diet, which consists of good fats, low on cholesterol, fiber-rich and high on nutrients is mandatory for preventing and reversing heart disease. One can consult a good therapist to develop a moderate exercise program. Stress levels should be reduced by daily activities such as simple breathing exercises or meditation.
Research shows that this is a leading cancer killer. It can be largely avoided if one quits smoking and finds a support group like a good hospital team to help counsel you through the problem.
Type 2 Diabetes
In many cases this disease can be prevented by keeping weight under control by eating a healthy, balanced diet, exercising moderately and not drinking or smoking.
Diseases that are preventable through improving socio-economic conditions
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome(AIDS) is a disease that is cause by a virus (HIV). It is a disease that spreads through sexual intercourse with someone who is HIV positive. People can be safe guarded against HIV if they are made aware of the causes of its spread. Use of condoms and being committed to a single partner are also sure ways to protect oneself.
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